Cesar Chavez Lessons Of Dr Martin Luther King Jr And PdfBy Apolline B. In and pdf 25.01.2021 at 23:52 5 min read
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- Lessons of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
- Fighting for Farm Workers' Rights: Cesar Chavez, the Delano Grape Strike and Boycott
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Martin Luther King, Jr.
Lessons of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
With the coming of the Mexican Revolution in , many Mexicans fled north to the United States in order to escape the bloodshed in search of new lives. As the influx of migration continued, the American demand for agricultural laborers was so high that a work-visa program for Mexicans was established in While the Bracero Program offered Mexican farmworkers a legally binding work contract, the majority suffered gross abuses of their labor rights and racial discrimination. Farmworkers were often unpaid and were denied the right to unionize, a right that all other American workers enjoyed. They labored in inhumane conditions, as growers ignored state laws on working conditions. The workers had no toilets to use in the fields, and were forced to pay two dollars or more per day to live in metal shacks with no plumbing or electricity. On top of that, grape pickers were paid an average of 90 cents per hour, plus ten cents per basket picked, placing their families well below the poverty line.
From Mahatma Gandhi in India to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. At a rally celebrating the fifth federally observed Martin Luther King Jr. King: During my first fast in , Dr. King reminded me that our struggle was his struggle, too.
Fighting for Farm Workers' Rights: Cesar Chavez, the Delano Grape Strike and Boycott
This lesson is part of the Viva la Causa teaching kit. Viva La Causa introduces students to nonviolent resistance, a philosophy and social change strategy that rejects the use of physical violence. Nonviolence serves as an alternative to just accepting things as they are passive acceptance and to armed struggle. As illustrated by the farmworker movement, nonviolent tactics include strikes, marches and boycotts. The film also refers to two nonviolent leaders and movements that inspired the farmworkers. Mahatma Gandhi, widely seen as the "father of nonviolence," introduced the general concept of nonviolent action and consciously applied it on a societal level. A lifelong Hindu, Gandhi organized a successful nonviolent struggle against British colonial rule of India, which ended in
In a square mile area halfway between Selma and Weedpatch, California, a general strike of farm workers has been going on for six weeks. They were joined by the independent Farm Workers Association which as a membership of several thousand Mexican-Americans. Filipino, Mexican-American and Puerto Rican workers have been manning picket lines daily for 41 days in a totally non-violent manner. Ranchers in the area, which include DiGiorgio Fruit, Schenley, and many independent growers, did not take the strike seriously at first. By the second or third week, however, they began taking another look— and striking back. Mechanized agriculture began picketing the pickets — spraying them with sulfur, running tractors by them to create dust storms, building barricades of farm machinery so that scabs could not see the pickets.
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Close reading plan. Lessons of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. by Cesar Chavez. Dr. Brian Moore, Connecticut Dream Team teacher.
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