Every Type Of Doctor And What They Do PdfBy Niamh P. In and pdf 26.01.2021 at 00:20 10 min read
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The medical field is as expansive and multifaceted as the intricacies of the human body. Doctor specialties exist for each of these fields of medicine to serve the needs of a particular realm of care. But where should an aspiring doctor like yourself begin when finding a medical specialty?
4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life
When a person has a medical concern, they may turn to a doctor for help. There are many types of doctors, but there are two main categories: primary care or specialty care. Within these two groups, doctors vary widely in their specialty area and level of training. This article looks at the different types of doctor, their roles, the conditions they treat, and the procedures they can perform. Family practice physicians are also called family medicine doctors.
They treat people of all ages. An internal medicine physician performs many of the same tasks as a family practice physician. However, internal medicine physicians treat adults only. Although family medicine and internal medicine physicians can both treat adults, the American College of Physicians say that there are some key differences.
For example, internal medicine doctors have training in both general medicine and subspecialties. They also tend to be more focused on medical issues that affect adults.
Family physicians, meanwhile, have broader training in medicine that allows them to care for both children and adults. They can treat a wide range of medical issues and emphasize disease prevention and health maintenance. Pediatricians focus on treating children from birth to young adulthood. According to the American Medical Association , geriatricians are internal medicine or family medicine doctors who have additional training in:.
Specialty doctors have training in a specific area of medicine. This allows them to treat complex health problems that primary care doctors may not be able to.
An allergist or immunologist focuses on preventing and treating allergic diseases and conditions. These usually include various types of allergies and asthma. The American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology explain that allergists must complete additional years of study in the field of allergy and immunology after earning a medical degree. Dermatologists focus on diseases and conditions of the skin, nails, and hair. They treat conditions such as eczema, skin cancer, acne, and psoriasis.
Dermatologists can perform some in-office procedures, including mole or spot removal. Some also offer aesthetic procedures, such as chemical peels, Botox injections, and dermal fillers. Infectious disease doctors specialize in diseases and conditions that are contagious. These may include:. Ophthalmologists specialize in eye and vision care. They treat diseases and conditions of the eyes and can perform eye surgery. Ophthalmologists treat people with complex eye conditions and may also see people for routine eye care, including prescribing glasses and performing checkups.
These include:. They may also visit them for yearly checkups and tests, such as breast exams and Pap tests. Cardiologists focus on the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and blood vessels.
They treat many cardiovascular conditions, such as:. Endocrinologists treat disorders and conditions that affect the endocrine system. This system involves various glands that make and release hormones in the body. Gastroenterologists focus on the digestive system. This includes the esophagus, pancreas, stomach, liver, small intestine, colon, and gallbladder.
A nephrologist focuses on kidney care and conditions that affect the kidneys. Conditions they can treat include:. Urologists treat conditions of the urinary tract in both males and females. They also focus on male reproductive health. Some urologists focus on a specific area within urology, such as female urology or male infertility. Pulmonologists may work in hospitals to provide ventilation or life support. They also see people in the office to treat breathing disorders, lung conditions, and allergies.
An ENT doctor may treat problems with the sinuses, throat, tonsils, ears, mouth, head, and neck. Some ENT doctors undergo additional training to focus on one specific area, such as pediatrics or rhinology, which refers to the nose and sinuses. A neurologist treats conditions of the nerves, spine, and brain. People may see a neurologist for:. A psychiatrist is a doctor who treats mental health conditions. They may use counseling, medication, or hospitalization as part of their treatment.
Some psychiatrists have a subspecialty in a specific area, such as adolescent mental health or addiction medicine. Oncologists treat cancer and its symptoms. During treatment for cancer, a person may have several types of healthcare professional in their care team. According to the American Cancer Society , some cancer care professionals have specific training in:.
A radiologist specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions using medical imaging tests. A rheumatologist diagnoses and treats rheumatic diseases. These are autoimmune conditions that can affect the bones, joints, and muscles. General surgeons perform surgical procedures on many organs and bodily systems. They may have training in diseases of the:. An orthopedic surgeon specializes in diseases and conditions of the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and joints. They may treat:. Cardiac surgeons perform heart surgery and may work with a cardiologist to determine what a person needs.
Cardiac surgeons perform procedures including heart bypass surgery and placing stents in the heart. This may include administering pain medicine, relaxation medication, or medicine to put a person to sleep. They may also work with the person after surgery to make sure that their pain is under control.
Each type of doctor undergoes their own unique training and education to allow them to diagnose and treat specific diseases and conditions.
Because there are so many types of doctors, most people see a primary care physician for health problems first. This doctor may then refer or recommend the person to see a specialist when they need one.
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There are many options to choose from. Read on for more. Types of doctors and what they do. Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M. Primary care Specialists Summary When a person has a medical concern, they may turn to a doctor for help.
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Types of doctors and what they do
Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Insulin is that key. You can think of it as not having a key. You can think of it as having a broken key. Both types of diabetes can lead to chronically high blood sugar levels. That increases the risk of diabetes complications.
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You can tell which type of degree a doctor has by the letters after their name. However, more and more medical students are becoming DOs. The differences between MDs and DOs are often subtle. MDs generally focus on treating specific conditions with medication. DOs, on the other hand, tend to focus on whole-body healing, with or without traditional medication. They generally have a stronger holistic approach and have been trained with additional hours of hands-on techniques.
This publication has been reviewed by NDEP for plain language principles. Learn more about our review process. The marks in this booklet show actions you can take to manage your diabetes. Help your health care team make a diabetes care plan that will work for you. Learn to make wise choices for your diabetes care each day. You are the one who manages your diabetes day by day.
Family medicine is one of the primary care specialties. Internists usually have more hospital-based training than family practitioners and may have an office-based practice or work as hospitalists , primarily seeing patients in the hospital. More seriously ill or complicated patients may be referred to a pediatric sub-specialist for specialized treatment. A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in women's health, which includes reproductive health, menopause, and hormone problems. An obstetrician provides care for women that are pregnant and are trained to deliver babies. The training to become a surgeon is typically several years longer than training for primary care. There are a number of different specialty areas within psychiatry.
What do you call doctors who specialize in different types of diseases or conditions? How can you know you are going to the right specialist for.
A physician American English , medical practitioner Commonwealth English , medical doctor , or simply doctor , is a professional who practices medicine , which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study , diagnosis , prognosis and treatment of disease , injury , and other physical and mental impairments.