Causes Of Male And Female Infertility Pdf

By Iris L.
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19.01.2021 at 11:08
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causes of male and female infertility pdf

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Infertility is a term doctors use if a man hasn't been able to get a woman pregnant after at least one year of trying.


Healthcare providers consider a couple infertile if they try but fail to get pregnant within one year. When the woman is older than 35, the amount of time trying to conceive drops to six months for an infertility diagnosis. In women over 40, immediate evaluation is warranted.

Infertility does not include miscarrying or being unable to carry a baby to childbirth. An estimated 1 in 10 women between the ages of 15 and 44 have trouble conceiving. These factors can contribute to female infertility :. These factors can cause male infertility :.

Your healthcare provider may ask you to record signs of ovulation, such as basal body temperature and cervical mucus. You may also use a home ovulation kit. A year-old woman is half as fertile as a year-old woman. Regardless of gender, you should seek help early if you have a risk factor that affects fertility. Some couples need more help conceiving. To increase pregnancy odds, a woman may first take medications to stimulate ovulation before trying one of these options:.

Men and women can take these steps to protect their fertility, especially while trying to conceive:. Approximately 9 out of 10 couples get pregnant after undergoing fertility treatments.

In general:. Health insurance policies vary, so you should always check with your provider. Most insurers cover medically necessary procedures, such as surgeries to treat endometriosis and uterine fibroids.

Some policies cover fertility procedures like IUI but may not cover ovulation-stimulating medications. According to The National Infertility Association Resolve , 19 states have laws requiring employers to cover certain fertility treatments. Each state law is different.

Infertility poses many challenges. It can affect your relationships and emotional health. Infertility treatments can also be costly and strain your finances. Your healthcare provider can determine the cause of infertility. This first step helps determine the best treatment to help you succeed in expanding your family.

Most couples eventually get pregnant, but some turn to adoption. Your provider can review options with you. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Infertility Causes Infertility is a condition where you cannot get pregnant after one year of trying to conceive. In women, cause of infertility can include endometriosis, uterine fibroids and thyroid disease.

Men with fertility problems may have a low sperm count or low testosterone. The risk of infertility increases as you age. Appointments What causes infertility? Causes of infertility vary: 1 in 3 infertile women have a problem with the female reproductive system. How common is infertility? Women who have pregnancy problems may lose the baby: Before the 20th week of pregnancy miscarriage. After the 20th week of pregnancy stillbirth. What are the types of infertility?

Symptoms and Causes What are risk factors for infertility in all genders? These factors increase the risk of infertility in all genders: Age over age 35 for women or over 40 for men. Eating disorders , including anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Excessive alcohol use. Exposure to environmental toxins, such as lead and pesticides.

Over exercising. Radiation therapy or other cancer treatments. Sexually transmitted diseases STDs. Substance abuse. Weight problems obesity or underweight. What are risk factors for female infertility? These factors can contribute to female infertility : Abnormal menstruation.

Blocked fallopian tubes. Celiac disease. Kidney disease. Past ectopic tubal pregnancy. Pelvic inflammatory disease. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS , ovarian cysts and primary ovarian insufficiency. Sickle cell anemia. Uterine problems, including endometriosis , uterine fibroids and uterine polyps.

Thyroid disease. What are risk factors for male infertility? These factors can cause male infertility : Enlarged veins varicocele in the scrotum, the sac that holds the testicles.

Genetic disorders, such as cystic fibrosis. High heat exposure to testicles from tight clothing or frequent use of hot tubs and saunas. Injury to the scrotum or testicles. Low sperm count or low testosterone hypogonadism. Misuse of anabolic steroids. Premature ejaculation or retrograde ejaculation semen flows back into the bladder.

Testicular cancer and treatments. Undescended testicles. Diagnosis and Tests How is female infertility diagnosed? These tests can also help diagnose or rule out a female fertility problem: Pelvic exam: Your provider will perform a pelvic exam , including a Pap smear to check for structural problems or signs of disease.

Blood test: A blood test can check hormone levels, including thyroid hormones. Transvaginal ultrasound: Your doctor inserts an ultrasound wand into the vagina to look for problems with the reproductive system. Hysteroscopy: Your provider inserts a thin, lighted tube hysteroscope into the vagina to examine the uterus. Saline sonohysterogram SIS : Your provider fills the uterus with saline sterilized salt water and conducts a transvaginal ultrasound.

A full uterus makes it easier to see inside the uterus. Hysterosalpingogram HSG : X-rays capture an injectable dye as it travels through the fallopian tubes. This test looks for blockages. Laparoscopy: Your provider inserts a laparoscope thin tube with a camera into a small abdominal incision. Female pelvic laparoscopy helps identify problems like endometriosis, uterine fibroids and scar tissue.

How is male infertility diagnosed? These tests can help diagnose or rule out a male fertility problem: Semen analysis: This test checks for problems with sperm, such as low sperm count and poor mobility. Some men need a needle biopsy to remove sperm from the testicles and test it. For most men, this is the only test that will be needed in the workup of infertility. Blood test: A blood test can check testosterone, thyroid and other hormone levels.

Genetic blood tests look for chromosomal abnormalities. Scrotal ultrasound: An ultrasound of the scrotum identifies varicoceles or other testicular problems. Management and Treatment When should you seek help for infertility? How is female infertility treated? Treatments for infertility include: Medications: Fertility drugs change hormone levels to stimulate ovulation.

Surgery: Surgery can open blocked fallopian tubes and remove uterine fibroids and polyps. How is male infertility treated? Treatments for male infertility include: Medications: Medications can raise testosterone or other hormone levels. There are also drugs for erectile dysfunction. Surgery: Some men need surgery to open blockages in the tubes that store and carry sperm.

Infertility in men and women

Healthcare providers consider a couple infertile if they try but fail to get pregnant within one year. When the woman is older than 35, the amount of time trying to conceive drops to six months for an infertility diagnosis. In women over 40, immediate evaluation is warranted. Infertility does not include miscarrying or being unable to carry a baby to childbirth. An estimated 1 in 10 women between the ages of 15 and 44 have trouble conceiving.

Please understand that our phone lines must be clear for urgent medical care needs. When this changes, we will update this web site. Please know that our vaccine supply is extremely small. Problems with either of these may mean you have infertility. Below are some of the main causes of male infertility. Problems with making healthy sperm are the most common causes of male infertility.

causes of infertility, it is necessary to outline the process of reproduction in the male and female. Classically, each type of infertility can be attributed to congenital.


Request an Appointment. Most people will have the strong desire to conceive a child at some point during their lifetime. Understanding what defines normal fertility is crucial to helping a person, or couple, know when it is time to seek help. As a result, infertility has come to be defined as the inability to conceive within 12 months.

If you and your partner are struggling to have a baby, you're not alone. Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year for most couples. Infertility may result from an issue with either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that prevent pregnancy. Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies that significantly improve your chances of getting pregnant.

Evaluation of male infertility is important to identify a cause and provide treatment if the etiology is correctable. If a specific treatment is not available or the origin of the male factor infertility is not correctable, other options such as assisted reproductive techniques ART may exist.

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BegoГ±a V.
20.01.2021 at 23:54 - Reply

Many of the risk factors for both male and female infertility are the same. They include: Age. Women's fertility gradually declines with age.

Regina A.
25.01.2021 at 08:33 - Reply

Infertility has psychological and social impact. Female infertility is due to ovulatory problem, in male semen quality, and idiopathic cause. Sexually transmitted disease (STD), genetic, diabetes, pituitary factors, and toxins also play and importantrole.

Najla J.
25.01.2021 at 10:01 - Reply

Infertility happens when a couple cannot conceive after having regular unprotected sex.

MagГ­n B.
26.01.2021 at 11:50 - Reply

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Jaia Г.
29.01.2021 at 08:36 - Reply

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