List Of Diseases And Their Medicines Pdf In Hindi


By Wendy H.
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21.01.2021 at 09:28
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list of diseases and their medicines pdf in hindi

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A generic drug is a medication created to be the same as an already marketed brand-name drug in dosage form, safety, strength, route of administration, quality, performance characteristics, and intended use.

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Health Information in Hindi (हिन्दी)

Heart disease refers to any condition affecting the heart. There are many types, some of which are preventable. Unlike cardiovascular disease, which includes problems with the entire circulatory system, heart disease affects only the heart. Around 1 in 4 deaths in the U. Coronary artery disease, also known as coronary heart disease , is the most common type of heart disease.

It develops when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become clogged with plaque. This causes them to harden and narrow. Plaque contains cholesterol and other substances. As a result, the blood supply reduces, and the heart receives less oxygen and fewer nutrients.

In time, the heart muscle weakens, and there is a risk of heart failure and arrhythmias. When plaque builds up in the arteries, this is called atherosclerosis. A person with a congenital heart defect is born with a heart problem. There are many types of congenital heart defect, including :. Congenital heart disease can involve major structural issues, such as the absence of a ventricle and problems with the main arteries that leave the heart.

Many congenital heart problems do not cause any noticeable symptoms and only become apparent during a routine medical check. According to the American Heart Association AHA , heart murmurs often affect children, but only some are due to a defect.

Arrhythmia refers to an irregular heartbeat. It occurs when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not work properly. As a result, the heart may beat too fast, too slowly, or erratically.

In dilated cardiomyopathy , the heart chambers become dilated, meaning that the heart muscle stretches and becomes thinner. The most common causes of dilated cardiomyopathy are prior heart attacks, arrhythmias, and toxins. As a result, the heart becomes weaker and cannot pump blood properly. It can result in arrhythmia, blood clots in the heart, and heart failure. It usually affects people aged 20—60 years , according to the AHA.

Also known as heart attack , myocardial infarction involves an interruption of the blood flow to the heart. This can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle. The most common cause of heart attack is plaque, a blood clot, or both in a coronary artery. It can also occur if an artery suddenly narrows or spasms. Are there different types of heart attack? Learn more here. When a person has heart failure, the heart is still working but not as well as it should.

Congestive heart failure is a type of heart failure. Heart failure can result from untreated coronary artery disease, high blood pressure , arrhythmias, and other conditions.

Heart failure can be life threatening, but seeking early treatment for heart-related conditions can help prevent complications. This condition usually develops when a genetic problem affects the heart muscle. It tends to be an inherited condition. The walls of the muscle thicken, and contractions become harder. In some cases, an obstruction can occur. There may be no symptoms, and many people do not receive a diagnosis.

However, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can worsen over time and lead to various heart problems. Anyone with a family history of this condition should ask for screening, as receiving treatment can help prevent complications. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the main cause of cardiac death among athletes and people aged under 35 years, according to the AHA. This event occurs when the mitral valve in the heart does not close tightly enough and allows blood to flow back into the heart.

As a result, blood cannot move through the heart or the body efficiently, and it can put pressure on the veins leading from the lungs to the heart. In time, the heart can become enlarged, and heart failure can result. Learn more about heart valves here. This happens when the valve flaps of the mitral valve do not close properly.

Instead, they bulge into the left atrium. This can cause a heart murmur. Mitral valve prolapse is not usually life threatening, but some people may need treatment. In aortic stenosis , the pulmonary valve is thick or fused and does not open properly. This makes it hard for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.

In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve opening is too narrow, restricting blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. It can also impact the pressure in the left atrium. The symptoms of heart disease depend on the specific type a person has.

Also, some heart conditions cause no symptoms at all. In children, the symptoms of a congenital heart defect may include cyanosis, or a blue tinge to the skin, and an inability to exercise. Some signs and symptoms that could indicate heart attack include:.

Heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest, which is when the heart stops and the body can no longer function. A person needs immediate medical attention if they have any symptoms of heart attack.

If cardiac arrest occurs, the person will need :. In some cases, there is a genetic cause. However, some lifestyle factors and medical conditions can also increase the risk. These include:. The World Health Organization WHO mention poverty and stress as two key factors contributing to a global increase in heart and cardiovascular disease.

Which foods can help manage cholesterol? The treatment options will vary depending on the type of heart disease a person has, but some common strategies include making lifestyle changes, taking medications, and undergoing surgery. Various medications can help treat heart conditions. The main options include:. Sometimes, side effects occur. If this is the case, it may be necessary to review the medication regimen.

Undergoing heart surgery can help treat blockages and heart problems when medications are not effective. Some common types of surgery include :. Heart transplants are another option. However, it can be hard to find a suitable donor at the right time. Find out how long it takes to recover from bypass surgery here.

Some lifestyle measures can help reduce the risk of heart disease. These include :. Taking these steps can help boost overall health and reduce the risk of heart disease and its complications. Some stem from genetic problems and are not preventable. In many cases, however, a person can take steps to prevent heart disease and its complications.

These steps include following a healthful diet, getting plenty of exercise, and seeking advice when the first symptoms of heart disease appear. It also looks at the causes of high cholesterol…. An aneurysm is a weakening and bulging of an artery wall. Many have no symptoms and are not dangerous.

However, at their most severe, aneurysms can…. Share on Pinterest. Latest news Why do some people believe health misinformation? Could transforming alpha cells into beta cells treat diabetes? Related Coverage. Causes and treatments of aneurysm. Medically reviewed by Seunggu Han, MD.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

The resources below have been provided to help narrow your search to specific, targeted drug information. Information is available for both consumers and healthcare professionals on over 24, prescription and over the counter medicines available primarily in the USA. Multum leaflets provide basic consumer drug information, such as drug descriptions and interactions, details of possible side effects and the effects of missed doses and overdosing, as well as instructions for use. The leaflets are available in English and Spanish. IBM Watson Micromedex Advanced Consumer Information provides comprehensive consumer information pertaining to a wide variety of drugs, such as a list of commonly used brand names, drug descriptions, warnings and precautions, and detailed information on the proper use of each drug.


National Institutes of Health U.S. National Library of Medicine · MedlinePlus Trusted Health Information for You. Menu. Health Topics · Drugs &.


Emerging Infectious Diseases

Heart disease refers to any condition affecting the heart. There are many types, some of which are preventable. Unlike cardiovascular disease, which includes problems with the entire circulatory system, heart disease affects only the heart.

Medicine is the art , [1] science , [2] and practice [3] of caring for a patient and managing the diagnosis , prognosis , prevention , treatment or palliation of their injury or disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences , biomedical research , genetics , and medical technology to diagnose , treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery , but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy , external splints and traction , medical devices , biologics , and ionizing radiation , amongst others. Medicine has been practiced since prehistoric times , during most of which it was an art an area of skill and knowledge frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism.

Everything you need to know about heart disease

Tuberculosis Drugs and Mechanisms of Action

Please understand that our phone lines must be clear for urgent medical care needs. When this changes, we will update this web site. Please know that our vaccine supply is extremely small. According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, emerging infectious diseases are commonly defined as:. Reemerging diseases are diseases that reappear after they have been on a significant decline. Reemergence may happen because of a breakdown in public health measures for diseases that were once under control.

Zoonosis is another name for a zoonotic disease. This type of disease passes from an animal or insect to a human. Zoonotic diseases range from minor short-term illness to a major life-changing illness. Certain ones can even cause death. Many transmissions occur when people hike, bike, boat, or enjoy other activities in the great outdoors. Those who live and work on farms are in close contact with many types of livestock.

Bacterial disease , any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Until the midth century, bacterial pneumonia was probably the leading cause of death among the elderly. Improved sanitation, vaccines , and antibiotics have all decreased the mortality rates from bacterial infections, though antibiotic-resistant strains have caused a resurgence in some illnesses. In the early 21st century, tuberculosis , which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis —several strains of which had developed resistance to one or more drugs widely used to treat the infection—was among the deadliest infectious diseases worldwide. Bacteria cause disease by secreting or excreting toxins as in botulism , by producing toxins internally, which are released when the bacteria disintegrate as in typhoid , or by inducing sensitivity to their antigenic properties as in tuberculosis. Other serious bacterial diseases include cholera , diphtheria , bacterial meningitis , tetanus , Lyme disease , gonorrhea , and syphilis. Bacterial disease Article Media Additional Info.

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Derrick N.
22.01.2021 at 19:32 - Reply

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