Agriculture And Rural Development In India Since 1947 Pdf


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22.01.2021 at 04:52
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agriculture and rural development in india since 1947 pdf

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The same trend is observed for pulses, where it is the second highest producer. State of Agriculture of India.

The task that the democratically elected leaders of newly independent India embarked on in the early s was not for the faint of heart. The literacy rate stood at 14 percent, and the average life expectancy was thirty-two years. How successful has the country been in fulfilling the task over sixty years later?

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Rural Development before and after Independence in India (3445 Words)

In , agriculture and allied sectors like animal husbandry , forestry and fisheries accounted for Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India. As per the FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk , major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute , staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice , the world's major food staples. India is currently the world's second largest producer of several dry fruits , agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses , farmed fish , eggs , coconut , sugarcane and numerous vegetables.

Rural development before independence can be analysed under two broad heads: i development efforts made by British Government, and ii efforts made by voluntary organisations. Image Courtesy : upload. The traditional barter system received a severe set-back during the British period. Introduction of cash economy by the Britishers enabled the peasants to adopt commercial crops. In this way agricultural subsistence economy gave rise to commercial crops.

State of Agriculture in India

Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. On the eve of India's independence in , Indian agriculture was characterized by feudal land relations and primitive technology, and the resultant low productivity per hectare.

Even when nearly three-fourths of its working population worked on its vast farmlands, served by an extensive spread of rivers and a wide range of climatic conditions, India could not produce enough food for its population. To read the full text Login. New 3 Month Subscription to Digital Archives at. EPW looks forward to your comments. Please note that comments are moderated as per our comments policy.

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